There are two types of exposure to the
Bite. An animal bite occurs any time your skin has
been penetrated by the teeth of an animal. The location of the bite does not
change the need for treatment.
Nonbite. Nonbite exposures (which occur when an open
cut in the skin or mucous membrane is exposed to the rabies virus) rarely lead
to rabies but will need treatment.
Having contact with blood, urine, or droppings (feces) from a rabid
animal does not transmit the rabies virus, so no
treatment is needed. But you should always avoid touching or handling wild
mammals, especially bats, because of the small chance of a nonbite exposure to
the rabies virus. If a bat is found in a room with a sleeping or unconscious
person, contact a doctor immediately even
if there is no sign of a bite. Children should also be taught to avoid bats and
other wild animals whenever possible.
Systematic desensitization and counterconditioning are two common treatments for fears, anxiety, phobias and aggression—basically any behavior problem that involves arousal or emotional reaction. When the problem is rooted in how a dog or cat feels about a particular thing, it isn’t enough to just teach him a different behavior—like sit instead of lunge and growl. What’s most effective is treatment that will change the way he feels about something. This treatment will eliminate the underlying...