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If you’re finding fleas and ticks in your home, it may be time to treat your yard. Pets give free rides to these blood-sucking hitchhikers as they trot in and out of the house.

Here’s how to cut down on fleas and ticks in your yard:

Mow Grass, Trim Shrubs, and Get Rid of Debris

Fleas like moisture and shade. Keeping your grass and shrubs cut short allows sunlight to light things up and dry them out. Get rid of any clippings, leaves, and straw lying around outside, too. They can hold moisture.

Ticks like tall grass and yard waste as well as old furniture and trash in the yard where they can hide. Clear it all out.

Make Your Yard Unfriendly to Deer, Rodents, and Other Critters

Fleas and ticks may like you and your pets. But they likely rode into your yard on the backs of deer, rodents, and other wildlife. Here’s how to discourage wildlife from coming into your yard:

  • Stack wood neatly in a dry place. This will make rats and mice look for other places to hide.
  • Fence your property, so deer and raccoons will look for a yard with an easier way in and out. This will also keep out stray dogs that may not be on flea and tick control.
  • Use herbal deer repellents and plantings that deer won’t like to eat. These include barberry, bayberry, and perennials like mint, Russian sage, and tarragon.
  • Avoid some of these plantings that deer do like to eat including hardy geraniums, evergreen azaleas, hostas, and tulips.
  • Make sure all garbage is secured and won’t be attractive to the likes of possums and raccoons.

Create a Barrier

  • If your yard backs up to woods, you can discourage ticks from visiting your lawn by placing a 3-foot-wide barrier of gravel or wood chips between the grass and the wooded areas.
  • If you have playground toys or lounge chairs on the lawn, keep them away from trees and the edges of your yard.

Worm Your Way Out of It

Microscopic worms called nematodes eat fleas and can be sprinkled in your yard. It's safe to use them around pets and kids. Look for them online or in stores that sell gardening supplies.