Teaching Dogs Not to Pull on Leash
How to Teach Your Dog to Walk Nicely on a Leash continued...
Option One: Red Light, Green Light
(This method requires that your dog already have a reliable Sit and Come in
distracting places.) Walk in your intended direction. The instant your dog
reaches the end of his leash and pulls, red light!—stop dead in your tracks and
wait. When he stops pulling and puts slack in the leash (maybe he turns to see
what you’re doing and this makes the leash a little slack), call him back to
you. When he comes to you, ask him to sit. When he does, say “Yes,” give him a
treat and resume walking (green light). If your dog looks up at you in
anticipation of more tasty treats, quickly say “Yes,” and give him one while
you keep walking. If he pulls again, repeat the red-light step above. As
you’re walking, reward your dog frequently for staying next to you or slightly
ahead and for looking up at you. If you do this consistently, he’ll learn that
1) if he stays near you or looks at you, he gets treats and gets to keep
moving, and 2) if he pulls on the leash, the fun stops because he
doesn’t get to keep walking and he has to come back to you and
sit. If your dog pulls toward an object to sniff or eliminate, carry out the
red light, but when he comes back and sits by you, don’t reward him with a
treat. Instead, make the object he wanted to sniff the reward. Say “Yes,” and
release him to go to the object. (Make sure you go with him toward the object
so that he doesn’t have to pull again to reach it.) After a few days or weeks,
you’ll find yourself stopping less frequently. Make sure you continue to reward
your dog for walking with slack in the leash or he’ll start pulling again.
Option Two: Lure and Reward
Start with your dog standing at your left side. With several treats enclosed
in your left hand, hold your left hand right in front of your dog’s nose
(within 1 inch of it). Say “Let’s walk,” and walk in your intended direction.
Every few seconds, pop a small treat into your dog’s mouth and praise her for
walking along at your pace. You’ll need to frequently reload your hand with
treats from your left pocket or from a treat pouch attached to your waist. If
she pulls ahead or to the side, immediately stop. Get your dog’s attention by
calling her name again. Ask her to sit, and praise her when she does. Then put
the treat-loaded hand back in front of her nose and start walking again. Go a
little bit farther every day that you practice. After at least a week of daily
practice with lured walking, stop luring her along with your treat-loaded hand,
and instead just carry your empty left hand in a natural position at your waist
with elbow bent. Say “Let’s walk,” and reward her, about every other step you
take, with a treat that you get from your left pocket or waist treat pouch.
When she can walk along without pulling for several minutes, begin gradually
increasing—over many daily training sessions—the number of steps you go in
between treats so that your dog is walking longer distances between rewards.
Reward her every other step at first, then every 5 steps, then every 10, and so
on. Eventually, you should be able to walk with your hand comfortably at your
side, periodically (every minute or so) reaching into your pocket to grab a
treat to reward your dog.