Dogs naturally lose old or damaged hair by shedding. Although shedding is a normal process for dogs, the amount and frequency of hair that is shed often depends upon their health and breed type. It can also depend on the season-many dogs develop thick coats in the winter that are then shed in the spring. Dogs who are always kept indoors, however, are prone to smaller fluctuations in coat thickness and tend to shed fairly evenly all year.
There are a lot of reasons your dog may be eliminating inappropriately, but because serious illness or injury can be a primary cause, it's always a good idea to talk to your vet about the problem before attempting any at-home treatment.
Some common reasons dogs may poop in the house include:
The medication used to treat certain conditions may also be behind your dog's accidents, so if your dog is taking drugs, talk to your vet about that medication's possible side effects.
If your pet is still a puppy, expect more than occasional accidents in the house. When dogs are young, they're still learning how to control their bowel and bladder, a skill they don't generally master until five or six months of age.
If your puppy is having trouble learning to defecate outside or in a designated area, strive for consistency, encouragement (never punish), and make sure they get outside frequently.
Along with youth, other reasons a dog may poop in the house include separation anxiety, a preference for certain surfaces (like carpet or tile), a change in schedule or in the household, even a dislike of rainy or cold days.
A change in your dog's diet -- a new food or a change in the amount of food -- can also cause a dog to poop in the house, especially if the dietary change triggers diarrhea. Also, some dogs just need to poop soon after they eat. If yours is one of them, you may need to feed your dog only when you're home to take him outside after he has eaten.
Talk to the vet about your dog's diet; your vet may recommend switching your pooch to a low-residue or easier-to-digest diet to help with inappropriate elimination.
5 Tips for Proper Pooping
Dogs develop habits, just like we do. With consistency and kindness, you can train your dog to not poop in the house. Tips to help you start:
Confine your dog to one small area of the home, where you are able to observe him easily. You want to be able to keep an eye on your pet so he doesn't eliminate out of your sight and so you can watch for behaviors that signify your dog needs to poop.
Take your dog outside often; well-trained adult dogs generally need to go outside four to six times a day, so strive for this many trips or more.
Use encouraging cue words, like "go potty," when you take your dog outside to poop.
If your dog doesn't pee or poop when you take him out, try again in twenty minutes.
Never punish your dog for inappropriate elimination. This doesn't teach your dog where you want him to go, but it can quickly teach him to hide where he eliminates to avoid making you mad.
If you have trouble breaking your dog of the habit of pooping in the house -- and your vet has ruled out medical or other treatable issues -- it might be time to talk to a certified applied animal behaviorist, one who specializes in this kind of problem.