Painful Urination in Dogs
Painful Urination in Dogs: Common Causes and Treatments continued...
Treating bladder stones depends on where they're located and may include medication, surgery, or a change in diet. Treatment may also involve antibiotics if the crystals or stones are the result of an infection.
There are several reasons for an enlarged prostate in dogs, including tumors, cysts, enlargement because of hormones in dogs that have not been neutered, and infection.
Symptoms of prostate problems may include straining to urinate, blood in the urine, and incontinence. If the enlargement is caused by infection, signs may also involve drinking more water and needing to urinate more often. Treating an enlarged prostate depends on its cause.
There are other, less common causes of painful urinary problems in dogs, including tumors in the bladder or urethra, scar tissue development, a fractured penis (rare), or trauma, for example, from a car accident.
3 Tips for Collecting a Urine Sample
To help diagnose what's behind your dog's painful urination, your vet will probably need a urine sample. Your vet may want to collect this in the clinic, so do not let your dog urinate on the way in, if possible. If your vet wants you to collect a sample at home, here’s how to make collection easy:
- Wear rubber gloves.
- Wait for your dog to begin going before collecting the sample. This helps make sure the sample isn't contaminated by bacteria from the end of the urethra.
- Once urinating starts: For female dogs, slide a clean bowl or pie plate beneath her as she squats; for a male use a clean jar to catch the flow mid-stream. A soup ladle works well too, just don’t reuse the ladle! Time and temperature can affect a urine sample, so bring it to your vet as soon as possible.
Preventing Painful Urination in Dogs
The key to preventing health problems in your pets is regular care. Pets, like you, need yearly exams to keep them in top form.
If you think your dog may have a problem with painful urination, start by watching closely when he urinates. Is the stream steady and strong or weak, or does it come out in fits and starts?
Now look at your dog's genitals: Is there redness, swelling, signs of scratching or biting? Is your dog constantly licking the urinary opening? Other signs your dog may have a urinary tract problem include bloody or cloudy urine, crying or straining to pass urine, pain, fever, a strong odor to the urine, and more. If you see these or any other worrying symptoms, take your dog to the vet right away.