Heat Stroke and Dehydration in Dogs
A prominent sign of dehydration is loss of skin elasticity. When the skin
along the back is pulled up, it should spring back into place. In a dehydrated
animal, the skin stays up in a ridge.
Another sign of dehydration is dryness of the mouth. The gums, which should be wet and glistening, become dry
and tacky. The saliva is thick and tenacious. In an advanced case, the eyes are
sunken and the dog exhibits signs of shock, including
Treatment: A dog who is visibly dehydrated should receive immediate
veterinary attention, including intravenous fluids, to replace fluids and
prevent further loss.
For mild dehydration, if the dog is not vomiting you can give him an
electrolyte solution by bottle or syringe into the cheek pouch. Balanced
electrolyte solutions for treating dehydration in children, such as Ringer’s
lactate with 5 percent dextrose in water or Pedialyte solution, are available
at drugstores and are also suitable for dogs. Gatorade is another short-term
substitute to help replace fluids. Administer the solution at a rate of 2 to 4
ml per pound (1 to 2 ml per kilo) of body weight per hour, depending on the
severity of the dehydration (or as directed by your veterinarian).