Noncore Dog Vaccinations
Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccines are of some help in controlling kennel
cough and other respiratory infections caused by this bacteria. Show dogs,
boarded dogs, and dogs living in kennels may benefit from this optional
There are two vaccine types available to prevent bordetella. One is an
intranasal vaccine and the other is injectable. The intranasal vaccine, which
protects against parainfluenza as well as bordetella, gives the most immediate
immunity-although either type of vaccine should ideally be given at least one
week before possible exposures.
The injectable bacterin must be given twice. The first injection is given at
8 weeks of age and is repeated two to four weeks later. Puppies born in
high-risk areas where bordetella is prevalent can be vaccinated with the
intranasal vaccine at 3 weeks of age.
Annual boosters are recommended by the manufacturer. But because of the
short duration of immunity, semi-annual boosters may be more appropriate.
Lyme Disease (Noncore)
Lyme disease (also called Borrelia burgdorferi) vaccine is recommended only
for dogs in high-risk areas. This includes dogs visiting areas where Lyme
disease is prevalent and areas with a high risk of tick exposure.
The killed bacterin version is now out of favor and the subunit vaccine,
featuring the OpsA antigen, is recommended if the vaccine is needed. The
immunity from this vaccine can be distinguished from a natural exposure. Tick
control should be the first line of defense against Lyme disease.