the first few weeks of life, a puppy’s primary activities are feeding, keeping
warm and developing social skills. In most cases, humans will simply watch the
mother dog provide all necessary care for her puppies. However, if the puppy in
your care has been separated from his mother, or if the mother dog has rejected
her young or cannot produce enough milk, caring for the pup is up to
Over the years, your pet may see more than one vet, and possibly also go to emergency or specialty hospitals. Records from these visits have information about your pet’s drug allergies, sensitivity to anesthesia, and baseline blood values. Some veterinarians make these records readily available. Others require signed releases.
"Ultimately, having access to complete medical records is essential to quality of care," says Gene Bailey, who owns The Animal Hospital of Peak Plaza in Apex, N.C.
Also, if it's your pet's first visit, ask the staff:
How to contact the staff if your pet has an emergency
Whether they offer after-hour emergency appointments
If they can give you contact information for local emergency clinics and poison control
How you should contact them (phone, text, or email) with questions that aren't urgent
Note Foods, Medications, and More
For routine visits, bring a list of your pet's food brands and medications, details of any special diets and treats, and how much food your pet gets each day.
Be specific. "'A handful' doesn’t mean anything to me," says Ken Werner, DVM, who owns Werner Animal Hospital in Morris Plains, N.J. His advice: Use a measuring cup so you know exactly how much food you're giving your pet.
Tell your vet, too, about any change in your pet's water drinking habits, appetite, playfulness, energy level, or other behaviors and any vomiting or diarrhea.
Discuss Any Symptoms
Think your pet may have a serious illness? Try to remain calm and objective. Be prepared to give your vet details of the symptoms and how long they've been going on.
Note changes in your pet's thirst, bowel habits, or urination.
"If people don’t give me a history, I'm very handicapped because I can talk to these dogs and cats all day and they’re not going to answer me," Werner says.
If your vet asks for a stool sample from your pet, ask how much they need, collect a fresh specimen, and bring it to the appointment in a sealed bag. Likewise, if your dog is having a urinary issue, don’t let him relieve himself when you get out of the car, because the vet will want to get a sample.
Ask your vet about signs you should watch for to see if your pet is getting better or worse. Be ready to answer questions about whether you can give recommended medications or treatments. For instance, if you don't think you could give your pet pills or shots, tell your vet.
The office visit is also a good time to ask for handouts or Internet links to good sources that might help you learn more about your pet's illness.