Most of us are just learning how important dental care is for our dogs and cats. Along with regular oral exams and brushing our pet's teeth, most vets say offering tooth-friendly toys and treats can be a great way to help keep our pet's pearly whites shining.
But which treats, chews, and toys really work? To find out, WebMD went to the experts: practicing veterinary dentists. Here’s what they had to say about oral health products – which ones are keepers, and which ones should probably be buried out in the backyard for good.
Dogs are born to work for a living. They’ve worked alongside us for thousands of years, and most are bred for a particular purpose, like hunting, herding livestock or providing protection. Dogs’ wild relatives spend most of their waking hours scavenging and hunting for food, caring for offspring, defending territory and playing with each other. They lead busy, complex lives, interacting socially and solving simple problems necessary for their survival.
The most common job for our companion...
5 Tips for Healthy Dental Foods and Treats for Dogs
First, talk to your veterinarian. Your vet knows your canine pal well, and hopefully knows the state of your dog's mouth. If not, it's time your dog had an oral exam, dental X-rays, and a good cleaning done under general anesthesia (the only way to fully clean out infection and disease below the gum line). Once your dog's mouth is in good shape, ask your vet for their recommendations on which treats and chews can help you keep it that way.
Look for the VOHC seal. The Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC) is an independent veterinary dental group that tests claims manufacturers make about their dental preventative products. It's "very similar to the American Dental Association, with regard to reviewing dental products," says Sharon Hoffman, DVM, DAVDC, a veterinary dentist in Jacksonville, Fla. After review, if a product is proven to help slow plaque and calculus formation, it's awarded the VOHC seal. While there are certainly good oral health products available that don't have the VOHC seal, says Tony M. Woodward, a veterinary dentist in Colorado and diplomate of the American Veterinary Dental College, the seal can be a reassuring place to start.
Think dental diet-approved kibble and treats. Some dried foods and treats help keep your dog’s mouth in good form by scrubbing the teeth as your pet chews, while another group of foods includes additives that help keep plaque soft so it doesn’t form tartar. Check with your vet to see if a dental diet should be part of your dog’s oral health maintenance.
Say yes to chew toys. Good chew toys can help slow dental disease by their abrasive action. A good toy is bendable, softer than teeth, and not so small it can be swallowed whole. Look for rubbery Kongs and balls, bendable bones, and chew toys you can hide treats inside. Some vets also give the thumbs up to thin, bendable rawhide. However, vets advise against thick, heavy rawhide "bones," which can break or fracture a dog's teeth, and may cause gastrointestinal problems if a dog swallows a large piece.
Look for approved mouth rinses. You can also slow the progression of gum disease in your pet's mouth with dental rinses. These liquids contain chlorhexidine or other additives that help kill bacteria in your dog’s mouth. They’re available at most pet stores. Your vet can tell you if a rinse could help your dog's dental health.