Acute Gastritis (Severe Vomiting) in Dogs
Chronic Gastritis continued...
Chronic atrophic gastritis involves a thinning of the stomach wall. This is
primarily seen in Norwegian Buhunds, and may develop from an immune
Eosinophilic gastritis is a chronic condition characterized by the
accumulation of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the mucous lining
of the stomach, along with thickening and scarring of the stomach wall. The
cause is unknown, although a food allergy or parasites have
been proposed. Eosinophilic gastritis is more likely than other types of
gastritis to be associated with ulcers and
Stomach and duodenal ulcers also produce sporadic vomiting. Finally, if
there is no obvious explanation for the sporadic vomiting, the dog may be
suffering from a systemic disease, such as liver or kidney failure,
which can be diagnosed by blood tests.
Treatment: Dogs with chronic vomiting should be seen by a veterinarian.
Gastroscopy with a biopsy of the stomach wall is the quickest way to make a
diagnosis of chronic gastritis.
Treatment involves switching to a bland, high-carbohydrate diet such as
Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d. Alternatively, you can feed a homemade diet of
boiled rice and cottage cheese. Offer frequent small feedings and avoid large
meals. As the dog recovers, gradually introduce a high-quality commercial
premium dog food, or
consult a veterinary nutritionist for a balanced homemade meal you can
Histamine blocking agents, such as Tagamet (cimetidine), Pepcid
(famotidine), and Zantac (ranitidine), may help in cases of hypertrophic
gastropathy. While not approved for use in dogs, they can be used safely under
the guidance of your veterinarian.
Eosinophilic gastritis responds well to a course of corticosteroids, but
sometimes the dog needs other immunosuppressive drugs and a hypoallergenic diet
prescribed by your veterinarian. Gastritis associated with gastric outflow
obstruction is treated as described for Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers.