Nasal Discharge, Sneezing and Nosebleeds in Dogs
Nosebleeds are caused by foreign bodies, trauma, infections, tumors, or parasites that erode the nasal
mucous membranes. Some are caused by lacerations of the nostrils or
puncture wounds from objects such as
thorns or barbed wire. Nosebleeds are often accompanied by bouts of sneezing
that aggravate the bleeding.
A spontaneous nosebleed may be a manifestation of a generalized clotting
disorder such as hemophilia or von Willebrand’s disease. Vitamin K deficiency
is another cause of spontaneous bleeding. It occurs most often with poisoning by rodenticide
Treatment: Keep the dog as quiet as possible. Apply an ice pack wrapped in
cloth to the bridge of the nose. If the nostril is bleeding and the bleeding
site is visible, apply steady pressure with a gauze square.
Most nosebleeds subside rather quickly when interference is kept to a
minimum. If the bleeding does not stop, or if there is no obvious cause, take
your dog at once to the veterinary clinic.
Dogs are nose breathers and usually do not breathe through their mouths
except when panting. Mouth breathing indicates that both nasal air passages are
blocked. In these dogs, no air is moving through the nose-only through the
mouth. This may not be obvious until the dog becomes excited or begins to