Scabies, tiny spiderlike mites, are highly contagious
and are transmitted primarily by direct contact and through contaminated grooming equipment and kennels.
These mites are also transferable to humans and other pets.
Probably no other skin disease will cause your dog
to scratch and bite at her skin with such intensity. The severe itching is caused by female
mites tunneling a few millimeters under the skin to lay their eggs. The eggs
hatch in 3 to 10 days. The immature mites develop into adults and begin to lay
eggs of their own. The entire life cycle occurs on the dog’s skin, and takes
just 17 to 21 days.
Some wild dog relatives, like foxes and wolves, dig dens to raise their young. Sleeping in a den protects the young pups from extreme temperatures (both hot and cold) and from predators. Our pet dogs share the desire to sleep in and under things that resemble a den. They often dig at the ground and circle before lying down, as though they’re trying to make a softer resting place. (Many dogs do this on the carpet or furniture as well.) Dogs also dig when trying to get warm or stay cool, to entertain...
Scabies attacks the skin of the ears, elbows, hocks, and the underside of
the chest and face. The onset is abrupt with scratching, hair loss, and inflamed skin in
these areas. Crusty ear tips are characteristic. A classic test for scabies is
to rub the ear flap between your fingers
and watch the dog scratch on the same side. In the later stages the skin
becomes thick, crusted, scaly, and darkly pigmented.
Scabies in people can produce an itchy rash, typically found at the belt
line. This rash is caused by insects that have transferred from the dog.
Scabies mites, however, do not live on human skin for longer than three weeks.
If the problem does not disappear in three weeks, look for a continuing source
The diagnosis is made by examining skin scrapings under a microscope. In
some cases the mites may not be identified. If the dog’s symptoms strongly
suggest scabies, your veterinarian may decide to begin treatment as a
diagnostic test. A positive response to the treatment confirms the diagnosis of
Treatment: Scabies must be treated under veterinary supervision. Clip the
hair away from scabies-affected areas on medium- and longhaired dogs and bathe
the entire animal using a benzoyl peroxide shampoo (such as OxyDex or Pyoben).
The shampoo loosens scales and makes it possible for an insecticide dip to
penetrate the hair pores.
Scabies mites have developed resistance to a number of organophosphate dips.
Two dips that remain active against them are amitraz (brand name Mitaban) and 2
to 4 percent lime-sulfur (LymDyp). Only lime-sulfur is licensed by the FDA to
treat scabies in dogs. However, LymDyp has an unpleasant odor, stains white
coats, and can irritate the skin.
Dip the dog once a week for six consecutive weeks (or until the symptoms
resolve), using the dip recommended by your veterinarian. Continue treatment
for two more weeks after the dogs appears to be cured. When using any dip,
carefully follow the instructions on the label. For information on how to dip,
see Insecticide Dips, page 132. It is important to treat all dogs who have come
into contact with the affected individual.