Common Bacterial Diseases in Dogs
Campylobacteriosis is a disease that produces acute infectious diarrhea in
puppies. It also occurs in kennel dogs and strays-most of whom are in poor
condition and are suffering from other intestinal infections.
The bacteria is acquired by contact with contaminated food, water, uncooked
poultry or beef, and animal feces. Campylobacteria can survive for up to five
weeks in water or unpasteurized milk.
The incubation period is one to seven days. Signs of acute infection include
vomiting and a watery diarrhea that contains mucus and sometimes blood. The
disease usually runs its course in five to fifteen days, but may be followed by
chronic diarrhea in which bacteria is shed in the feces.
Treatment: Treat mild diarrhea. Keep the dog warm, dry, and in a stress-free
environment. More severely affected dogs will require veterinary management
with intravenous fluids to correct dehydration. Antibiotics may be advisable.
Erythromycin and ciprofloxin are the drugs of choice.
Public health considerations:Campylobacteriosis is a common cause of
diarrhea in humans. Most human cases arise from contact with newly acquired
kittens and puppies who are suffering from diarrhea. Parents should be aware
that puppies with diarrhea may harbor a human pathogen. Good hygiene is
essential, especially for young children and people who are
Coliobacillosis (E. Coli)
Coliobacillosis is an infectious diarrhea caused by the bacteria E. coli.
There are some strains of E. coli that are not part of the normal intestinal
flora. When ingested, these strains are capable of producing acute diarrhea. E.
coli can be acquired from infected drinking water, food, or fecal matter. This
bacterial infection is a risk in dogs fed a raw diet, unless excellent
food-handling hygiene is practiced at all times.