Cellulitis is an infection involving the skin and
subcutaneous tissue. Most cases are caused by puncture wounds, deep
scratches, bites, and
lacerations. Cellulitis can often be prevented by properly treating
An area affected by cellulitis will be tender to pressure, feel hotter than
normal, not be as soft as it would normally be, and appear redder than normal.
As infection spreads out from the wound, you may feel tender cords beneath the
skin, which are swollen lymphatic channels. Regional lymph nodes in the groin,
armpit, or neck may enlarge to contain the infection.
The cornea is the clear part of the
eye. Corneal injuries are extremely painful and require immediate veterinary
attention. Affected dogs will squint, tear, and
avoid light. The third
eyelid often comes out to protect the injured eye. Breeds with bulging
eyes, such as the Pekingese, Maltese, Boston Terriers, Pugs, and some spaniels,
are particularly susceptible to corneal injuries.
Corticosteroids, which are incorporated into many common eye preparations
used in treating conjunctivitis, should...
A skin abscess isa localized pocket of pus beneath the epidermis. Pimples,
pustules, furuncles, and boils are examples of small skin abscesses. A large
abscess feels like fluid under pressure.
Treatment: Localize the infection by clipping away the hair. Apply warm
soaks for 15 minutes three times a day. Saline soaks (1 teaspoon, 10 g, of
table salt to 1 quart, 1 l, of water), or Epsom soaks (1⁄4 cup, 33 g, of Epsom
salts to 1 quart, 1 l of water) are useful. Splinters and foreign bodies
beneath the skin are a continuing source of infection and must be removed.
Pimples, pustules, furuncles, boils, and abscesses that do not drain
spontaneously may need to be lanced by your veterinarian. If there is a
sizeable cavity, your veterinarian may ask you to flush it once or twice a day
using a dilute antiseptic surgical solution such as chlorhexidine
until healing is complete. Your veterinarian may place a drain in a large
abscess to help speed healing.
Oral and injectable antibiotics
may be prescribed to treat wound infections, cellulitis, abscess, and other
WebMD Veterinary Reference from "Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook"