Canine distemper is a virus that affects a dog’s respiratory,
gastrointestinal, respiratory and central nervous systems, as well as the
conjunctival membranes of the eye.
What Are the General Symptoms of Canine Distemper?
The first signs of canine distemper include sneezing, coughing
and thick mucus coming from the eyes and nose. Fever, lethargy, sudden vomiting
and diarrhea, depression and/or loss of appetite are also symptoms of the
How Do Dogs Get Canine Distemper?
The virus is passed from dog to dog through direct contact with
fresh urine, blood or saliva. Sneezing, coughing and sharing food and water
bowls are all possible ways for the virus to be passed on.
When Is it Time to See the Vet?
Immediately! Please see your vet right away if you suspect your
dog has been infected with the canine distemper virus. The virus spreads
rapidly and must be aggressively treated as soon as it’s discovered.
How Is Canine Distemper Diagnosed?
Canine distemper tests do exist, but the results alone are not
always reliable. Rather than just testing for the infection, your vet has to
look at the whole picture, including a dog’s specific symptoms and health
history. Positive results can help confirm an infection, but a dog can still be
infected even if test results are negative.
Which Dogs Are Prone to Canine Distemper?
Puppies and adolescent dogs who have not been vaccinated are
most vulnerable to the distemper virus. They are typically rescues with unknown
vaccination histories or have been bought from pet stores.
Serious infections are most often seen in puppies or adolescent
dogs. Puppies younger than seven weeks, born to mothers who haven’t been
vaccinated against the virus, are extremely susceptible. Once infected, puppies
are severely weakened. Often the virus travels to the brain, causing seizures,
shaking and trembling. A weakened immune system leaves an infected dog open to
secondary infections like pneumonia.
How Can Canine Distemper Be Prevented?
Make sure your dog has completed his series of vaccinations.
The vaccine for dogs is called the distemper shot. If you have a puppy, make
sure he gets his first vaccination at six to eight weeks of age. Be sure to
keep him away from any possibly infectious dogs or environments until he’s
finished with his vaccinations at four or five months old.
Also, routine cleaning and disinfecting your home (or kennel)
will ensure that the virus is not in your dog’s living environment.
How Can Canine Distemper Be Treated?
There is currently no available medication that can destroy the
virus that causes canine distemper. Rather, supportive care is the mainstay of
treatment. Veterinarians can offer intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration
and antibiotics to ward off secondary infections while the infected dog builds
up his immune response. Some dogs are able to survive the infection, while for
others canine distemper can be fatal.
Are There Lasting Health Issues?
Dogs who recover from canine distemper may have seizures or
other central nervous system disorders that may not show up until many years
later-sometimes in their old age. They may also be left with permanent brain
and nerve damage, and these symptoms also may not show up until years