There are no firm guidelines for how often to bathe a dog.
The quality and texture of the dog’s hair (whether it’s long, silky, curly,
smooth, or wiry) will determine how much dirt it collects and how frequently
the dog should be bathed. Your dog’s lifestyle and activities will also
influence how often she gets dirty and needs a bath. If you own a dog with
special coat requirements, you may wish to consult a breeder or a professional
groomer for specific recommendations.
The usual reasons for bathing a dog are to remove
accumulated dirt and debris, to facilitate the removal of dead hair at shedding time, to eliminate
doggy odor in dogs with oily coats, and to improve the appearance of the coat.
Routine bathing is not necessary for the health of the coat or the dog. In
fact, frequent bathing can rob the coat of its natural sheen and make it harsh
and dry. For most dogs, regular brushing will keep the coat and skin in good condition and
eliminate the need for frequent baths.
The mammary glands in female dogs
vary in number and can be determined by counting the nipples. The typical bitch
has 10 mammary glands, five on each side of the midline, beginning on the chest
and extending to the groin. The largest glands are located near the groin.
Mammary gland tumors are the
most common tumors in dogs. In fact, among unspayed females the risk of a
mammary tumor is 26 percent. This is three times the risk of breast tumors in
women. Most mammary gland tumors occur in...
Before bathing a dog, brush out all snarls and tangles and remove mats. If
this step is omitted, the wet, matted hair will set and be most difficult to
It is important to select a shampoo labeled “for dogs.” The pH of canine
skin is neutral (7 to 7.4). Most shampoos for humans are on the acid side and
are therefore unsuitable for dogs. There are a number of good commercial dog
shampoos on the market for white dogs and dogs with other coat colors. Do not
use human hair dyes or coloring agents on dogs.
Household disinfectants must never be used on dogs. These chemicals are
absorbed through the skin and can cause death.
Except on warm, sunny days, baths should be given indoors using a bathtub or
basin. Place a rubber mat on the bottom of the tub or basin to keep the dog
from slipping and panicking. Plug her ears with cotton to keep water out-wet
ear canals are predisposed to infection.
Add some lukewarm water to the tub, then place the dog in the tub. Begin by
washing her face with a damp cloth. Lift up the ear flaps and wipe the
undersurface to remove dirt, wax, and dead skin. Using a bath sprayer, wet the
dog thoroughly with warm water. If necessary, bury the nozzle into her hair to
get to the skin.
Then work the shampoo in by hand, one section at a time. Be sure to lather
all of the dog-not only her back and sides, but also her neck, chest, belly,
legs, feet, and tail. If the coat is badly soiled, rinse lightly and then
repeat the sudsing process.