Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Healthy Dogs

Font Size

Acute Infectious Enteritis in Dogs

Enteritis is an infection of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by the sudden onset of vomiting and diarrhea, rapid pulse, fever, apathy, and depression. The vomitus and diarrhea may contain blood. Dehydration occurs rapidly. Dogs under 1 year of age and those over 10 are particularly susceptible to the effects of dehydration and shock.

The most common cause of infectious enteritis in dogs is parvovirus. Salmonella, E. coli, camphylobacter, and other bacteria are also responsible for some cases.

Recommended Related to Dogs

Eye Care for Dogs

Man’s best friend could use a good eyeballing once in awhile-believe us, your dog won’t take it personally! In fact, giving him regular home eye exams will help keep you alert to any tearing, cloudiness or inflammation that may indicate a health problem. Check out the following ways to help keep your dog’s vision sharp-and that twinkle in his eyes.

Read the Eye Care for Dogs article > >

The bacteria Clostridium perfringens produces canine hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. This disease begins suddenly with vomiting, followed in two to three hours by a profuse, bloody diarrhea. Small breeds, particularly Miniature Schnauzers and Toy Poodles, have a predisposition for hemorrhagic gastroenteritis.

Garbage poisoning and ingesting poisons and toxic chemicals produces signs and symptoms similar to those of acute enteritis. When diarrhea and vomiting occur together, the dog’s condition is serious and warrants an immediate trip to the veterinarian.

Treatment: This is directed toward prompt replacement of fluids and electrolytes. Intravenous fluids may be necessary. Antibiotics that are effective against the causative bacteria may be administered. Medications to control vomiting and/or diarrhea may also be needed.

WebMD Veterinary Reference from "Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook"

Today on WebMD

boxer dog
Slideshow
dog on couch
Evaluator
 
bad dog
Slideshow
Sad dog and guacamole
Slideshow
 
Pit bull looking up
Article
Pets: Is My Dog Normal
Slideshow
 
Dog scratching behind ear
Slideshow
dog catching frisbee
Slideshow
 
Dog Breed RMQ
Quiz
puppy eating
Slideshow
 
pooldle
Slideshow
ashamed yorkshire terrier
Slideshow