The most common cause of vomiting is swallowing hair or some other indigestible
foreign material, such as grass, that is irritating to the stomach. Most cats
experience this at one time or another. Intestinal parasites may also cause
stomach irritation. Other common causes are overeating or eating too fast. When
kittens gobble their food and exercise immediately thereafter, they are likely
to vomit. This kind of vomiting is not serious. It may be the result of feeding
several kittens from a single pan, which encourages rapid eating. Separating
kittens or feeding smaller meals often eliminates this problem.
If the cat vomits once or twice but appears perfectly normal
before and after, the problem is not serious and can be treated at home.
Vomiting unrelated to eating is frequently a sign of an infectious disease,
kidney or liver disease, or a central nervous system disorder. Diseases
frequently associated with vomiting include feline panleukopenia, tonsillitis,
sore throat, inflammatory bowel disease, and infected uterus (acute
metritis). Other signs of illness will be present. In young cats, sudden
vomiting with fever is suspicious of panleukopenia.
It is often possible to understand your cat’s problem by
noticing how and when he vomits. Note whether it is repeated, and if so,
whether it is sporadic or persistent. How soon after eating does it occur? Is
it projectile? Inspect the vomitus for blood, fecal material, and foreign
The cat vomits, then continues to retch, bringing up a frothy,
clear fluid. This suggests spoiled food, grass, hairballs, other indigestibles,
and certain diseases such as infectious enteritis, which irritate the stomach
Sometimes a cat vomits off and on over a period of days or
weeks. There is no relationship to meals. The appetite is poor. The cat has a
haggard look and appears listless. Suspect liver or kidney disease, or an illness
such as chronic gastritis, irritable bowel disease, hairballs, a heavy worm
infestation, or diabetes mellitus.
A foreign body in the stomach is another possibility. In an
older cat, suspect a gastric or intestinal tumor. A veterinary checkup is
Red blood in the vomitus indicates active bleeding somewhere
between the mouth and the upper small bowel. This is most commonly caused by a
foreign body. Material that looks like coffee grounds is old, partially
digested blood. This also indicates a bleeding point between the mouth and
upper small bowel.
Any cat who vomits blood has a serious condition and must be
seen right away by a veterinarian.
A cat who vomits foul material that looks and smells like feces
is most likely suffering from intestinal obstruction or peritonitis. Blunt or
penetrating abdominal trauma is another cause of fecal vomiting. Seek immediate