How to Rescue Orphaned Kittens
Every so often, a concerned cat lover finds himself or herself rescuing a litter of hungry, meowing kittens from starvation with no mother in sight.
Hand rearing newborn kittens is no easy task. It will test your nurturing instincts, attention to detail, and probably your patience as well. But for all that, it can be quite rewarding too. To help the conscientious folks who would take on this difficult task, we've consulted with former President of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Greg Hammer DVM, to put together the need-to-know information about hand-raising abandoned kittens.
When to Rescue
There are a number of risks involved in rescuing a litter of extremely young kittens; rabies and heartache being a couple of the most prominent. Yet another risk is accidentally intervening in a situation where the mother (a.k.a. the queen) is still caring for her kittens. You don't want to do that. Not only do cat mothers have a much higher success rate than human surrogates, but it will save you a lot of sleepless nights.
So how can you differentiate between a kitten that's waiting for its mother to return and one that's truly been abandoned? The answer, according to Dr. Hammer, is time. "Kittens need to be fed every four to six hours," Hammer tells Paw Nation, "There should be some concern if they're meowing and acting hungry." Queens usually are quite attuned to the needs of their young, so there shouldn't be any long lapses in the feeding schedule. "There's no hard and fast rule," Hammer stresses, "But I would say that if the queen hasn't returned for 12 hours, something is definitely wrong."
Under ideal circumstances, you will have had a chance to observe the queen before she disappeared. If a queen looks weird (read "rabid") or feral, that's a big red flag that you should leave it to the pros. Hammer recommends contacting your vet before committing to anything.
Assessing The Age of Your Kittens
Determining a kitten's age is crucial in determining the best way to care for it. If your kittens are 6 weeks old, your job may be fairly simple. If they're 6 days old, you've got an uphill battle. Once again, contacting your vet for help is always a good idea.
Here are a couple of important dates in early kitten development: A kitten's eyes typically open at 10 days old, and their ears open at around 18 days. If you determine that your kitten is younger than 14 days old, you must be aware of this highly important fact: A kitten can't urinate or defecate by itself for the first two weeks. You must help it do this.
It may seem kinda weird or gross, but this is literally a matter of life and death. "Wipe their rear end with any kind of soft cloth that's warm," Hammer explains, "You just basically imitate the mother licking them."