You’ve decided it’s time to add a new cat to your life. But what about the cat or cats you already have?
Whether a spunky kitten or a frisky adult cat is moving in, here's advice to help minimize the hissing and scratching during the transition and to help your new and present cat(s) become BFFs -- best feline friends.
The most common behavior problem reported by pet parents of cats is inappropriate elimination. It’s estimated that 10% of all cats will eliminate outside their litter box at some point in their lives. Quite a few of these cats have issues with some characteristic of their litter box (please see our article on Litter Box Problems for more information on litter box problems), but approximately 30% don’t have litter box problems at all. These cats are urine marking, and urine marking isn’t a litter...
Before you get another cat, think about the personality of the cat or cats you already have. Diana L. Guerrero author of Resources for Crisis Management for Animal Care Facilities, says the decision to add a new cat should be based on your present cat's personality and its predisposition toward other animals.
Next, consider whether you are ready to be excluded (temporarily) from the pack.
Christine Pellicano, owner and operator of Aunt Christine's Little Dog House in New York, says, “Always be prepared to lose a bond with a cat that has been an only cat when you introduce a new one. The cats tend to seek each other out to your exclusion for a while -- sometimes an entire year. You can feel left out."
Prepare Your Home and Cats
Preparing your home and your other cats will take time, consistency, and patience. “Prep the home by selecting an area for a neutral zone," Guerrero says. "If you have a screened-in porch, this can be an ideal location because the cats can view and smell each other without the chance of an altercation.”
Steps to take include:
Provide room to retreat. Have cat trees and shelves on multiple levels as areas of escape and retreat for safety.
Add another litter box. This stops litter box avoidance and marking tendencies that may occur with the addition of a new cat.
Get scratching posts. At first, your cats may claw more. So have scratching posts available.
"Give the new kitty a towel or toy that belongs to your current cat. It should have your cat’s scent on it," says Michele Hollow of South Orange, N.J., author of The Everything Guide to Working with Animals.