Nosebleeds do not occur spontaneously in cats. However, the nasal cavity is extremely sensitive
and bleeds easily when traumatized. Most nosebleeds are associated with a blow
to the face that damages the nose. Others are due to an erosion of the nasal
membrane caused by a foreign body, infection, tumor, or parasite. Rarely, a nosebleed may be a
manifestation of a generalized clotting disorder such as that produced by a low
platelet count, liver disease, or exposure to rodenticide anticoagulants.
When a cat’s nose bleeds as a result of trauma, a midline fracture to the
roof of the mouth may also have been incurred. Suspect this if the cat exhibits
open-mouth breathing. This fracture can cause misalignment of the teeth, in
which case the alignment must be adjusted and the teeth wired together to
stabilize the upper jaw until it is healed. Any cat who has a nosebleed after
trauma to the nose should be seen by a veterinarian.
The ordinary cat flea (Ctenocephalides
felis) is the most common parasite on the cat’s skin. All cats can be affected
except for those living at higher elevations, because fleas do not live above 5,000
feet. Cats living indoors can have fleas year-round.
Fleas survive by jumping onto a host animal, cutting open their skin, and
feeding on the blood. In most cases, they cause only a mild itch; but a heavy infestation,
especially of kittens or older, ill cats, might cause severe anemia or even...
Treatment: Nosebleeds may be accompanied by sneezing spasms that aggravate the bleeding. Keep the
cat quiet and confined. Apply ice cubes or cold packs to the bridge of the nose
to reduce blood flow and aid clotting. Slight bleeding usually subsides
quickly, especially if the cat is kept quiet. Persistent bleeding is a cause
for concern. Call your veterinarian.
WebMD Veterinary Reference from "Cat Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook"