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Dental Care for Cats

Many cats need preventive dental care by age 2 or 3. How often a dental examination, scaling, and polishing is needed will depend on the rate at which calculus forms on the cat’s teeth. A program of dental hygiene will limit the rate at which this happens and help prolong the health and life of your pet. This includes the following:

  • Feed your cat at least some dry kibble as part of her  diet-preferably one of the dental diets listed here. Dry foods are abrasive and help keep the teeth clean and sharp. Many cats do best with a diet primarily of canned food, so you may need to discuss this with your veterinarian and balance the food type according to your individual cat. Specific diets for cats to prevent dental disease include Hill’s Prescription Feline t/d, Hill’s Science Diet Oral Care, Friskies Dental Diet, Royal Canin Dental DD 27, and Purina Veterinary Diet DH (for Dental Health) Feline. However, if your cat suffers from other health problems, you may need to feed her a specific diet in which dental health is not the primary consideration.
  • Do not give your cat objects to chew that are harder than her teeth. CET has Oral Hygiene Chews that are safe for cats. There are special catnip chews and feline Greenies (dental treats) that may help your cat keep those teeth clean. Breath and Dental Care Treats, Feline, may also help with dental hygiene.
  • There are currently at least two products you can add to your cat’s drinking water that may help reduce tartar and plaque accumulation. These are Dental Fresh, and Pet Kiss Plaque and Tartar Control Liquid. If you add a supplement to your cat’s water, be sure she is willing to drink it. It is better for her to go without the supplement than to forgo drinking. You could leave two bowls of water out-one plain and one with the supplement.

 

Recommended Related to Cats

Dehydration in Cats

Dehydration is an imbalance of water and electrolytes (minerals) in the body, and can cause serious complications for pets and people alike. Water is essential to cats, who depend on proper daily fluid intake to maintain appropriate health and replace fluids that are routinely lost through urine, feces and respiration. Water makes up 80 percent of your cat’s body, and is necessary for all his biological processes, including circulation, digestion and waste removal.  

Read the Dehydration in Cats article > >

Brushing Your Cat’s Teeth

Although it is only necessary to brush the cat’s permanent teeth, it may be worthwhile to start a regimen of toothbrushing while your cat is still a kitten, just to get her used to the procedure.

Toothpastes and other dental products designed for people are not appropriate or healthy for cats. However, pastes, gels, sprays, and solutions are now available specifically for pets. There are cat toothpastes available that use baking soda as the base. Others use oxygenating substances to limit the growth of anaerobic bacteria. Virbac, Petrodex, Drs. Foster & Smith, and CET have lines of pet toothpastes. Many of these products now come in flavors that are attractive to cats, such as tuna and poultry. Nolvadent and Peridex oral washes contain 0.1 percent chlorhexidine, which is both antibacterial and antiviral.

WebMD Veterinary Reference from "Cat Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook"

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