Anal Sac Problems in Cats
Anal Sacculitis (Anal Sac Infection) continued...
You can help to resolve infection by applying warm wet packs to the anal area for 15 minutes three times a day for seven to ten days. A systemic antibiotic may be prescribed by your veterinarian, in addition to the topical antibiotic.
Anal gland infections seem to be more common in overweight, inactive cats. Weight loss and increased exercise may help prevent recurrence. Some cats do well with a change in diet, as well. Cats with recurrent anal sac infections may benefit from a dental diet such as Hill’s Prescription Diet t/d. Cats with recurrent anal gland infections may need to have the glands removed.
Anal Sac Abscess
An abscess is recognized by the signs of infection and swelling at the site of the gland. The swelling is red at first, then turns a deep purple. The cat may have a fever until the abscess is opened and drained. You may notice the cat licking at the area more than normal.
Treatment: An abscess is ready to drain when it becomes soft and fluidlike. At this point, it should be lanced by your veterinarian so that pus and blood will drain out. The abscess cavity must heal from the inside out. Keep the edges apart by flushing the cavity twice a day with a topical antiseptic such as dilute (tea-colored) Betadine solution for 10 to 14 days, and applying warm wet packs to the anal area for 15 minutes three times a day for 7 to 10 days. An oral antibiotic is normally administered.